Vinayak Damodar Savarkar - Two life imprisonment for revolution work

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was sentenced to life imprisonment on 24 December 1910. After this, on 31 January 1911, he was again given life imprisonment. In this way, Savarkar was sentenced to two to two life imprisonment by the British government for revolution work, which was the first and unique punishment in the history of the world

                                                   Vinayak Damodar Savarkar - Two life imprisonment for revolution work
                                                              Veer Savarkar (wikipedia)

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (born: 26 May 1873 - died: 27 February 1949) was a frontline fighter and a fierce nationalist leader of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as Swatantrayaveer, Veer Savarkar. He was not only a leading fighter of the freedom struggle, but also a great revolutionary, sharp thinker, accomplished writer, poet, brilliant orator and visionary politician. 

Savarkar is also a historian who has scripted the history of the victory of the Hindu nation in an authentic manner. He was also a lawyer, politician, poet, writer and playwright. He made continuous efforts to return the converted Hindus to Hinduism and started a movement for this. His name gives an example of controversies, though some consider him one of the greatest revolutionaries in the Indian freedom struggle, others consider him to be communal, devious and deceitful.

Vinayak Savarkar was born in Bhagur village near Nashik in Maharashtra (at the time, 'Bombay Presidency'). His mother's name was Radhabai and father's name was Damodar Pant Savarkar. He was one of their four children. He had two brothers Ganesh (Babarao) and Narayan Damodar Savarkar and a sister Nainabai. His mother died in the cholera epidemic when he was only nine years old. Seven years after this, in the year 189, in the plague epidemic, his father also went to heaven. Vinayak's elder brother Ganesh handled the upbringing of the family. Vinayak passed the matriculation examination in 1901 from Shivaji High School Nashik.

He was married to Yamunabai, the daughter of Ramchandra Trimbak Chiplunkar in 1901. His father-in-law took the burden of his university education. He completed his BA in 1902 from Fergusson College, Pune after completing his matriculation studies.

This order progressed further to college. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar wrote many poems filled with patriotism. In particular, it became famous for creating heroic and patriotic feelings among the students of our age by creating "Powade" by promising teen writers Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Maharana Pratap and Guru Govind Singh. When Vinayak Savarkar published this type of "Powado" in many letters, the British government later confiscated him as an anti-regime instigator.

Establishment of "Friends Fair" by him. Under the auspices of this institution, by organizing the programs of "Ganesh Utsav", "Shivaji Mahotsav", the armed revolution was blown in the teenagers. On the death of Queen Victoria on 11 January 1901, when mourning meetings started taking place in India, Vinayak opposed those meetings by calling a meeting of Mitra Mela. | Likewise, the celebration of King VII's coronation on the occasion of the coronation was also opposed by the members of the Mitra Mela institution that "it will be a festival of slavery". It also increased Vinayak's fame. 

In his youth he was very inspired by the leaders of the new generation, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. Lal-Bal-Pal was at that time engaged in the beginning of the Swadeshi movement to revolt against the British. When the Swadeshi movement started in 1905, Vinayak Savarkar also lit Holi of foreign food and clothes. Vinayak Damodar, together with his fellow students, formed a political party "Abhinav Bharat". Due to these insurgent activities of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, he was expelled from the college but was allowed to appear for the BA examination.

In 1905 when Savarkar B.A. They were vigorously campaigning for a foreign boycott and on August 22, 1906 in the central market of Poona, they also burnt Holi of foreign cloth in public. The news of this boycott program chaired by Tilak himself spread at lightning speed. The officers of Ferguson College expelled Savarkar from the college, but the wave of boycott movement in Bengal had not spread all over Poona and the spark of patriotism in the heart of Vinayak Savarkar had become a shola which was extinguished by this expulsion. Erupted instead He earned his BA from Bombay University. Passed the examination of the institute and set up an organization called Abhinav Bharat after holding a secret meeting to materialize its revolutionary plans. Each member of this institution took oath in the name of their religion, in the name of Chhatrapati Shivaji and in the name of their country. After his stay in London, Vinayak Savarkar did the historical revolution, he started to be called "Veer Savarkar" instead of Vinayak Savarkar.

Savarkar was trying since 1906 to make Hindi language the national language. Workers of the organization 'Abhinav Bharat' at Bharat Bhavan (India House) in London used to repeat the four-point resolution of freedom before going to sleep at night. There used to be a fourth sutra in it, 'Declaring Hindi as national language and Devanagari as national script'.

In June 1906, Veer Savarkar had gone to London to become a barrister, and Lal-Pal-Bal had separated from the Congress to form a Garam Dal. The leaders of the Garam Dal believed that being soft with the British is not going to give freedom and for this a violent rebellion is required. Tilak was sent to jail for his revolutionary activities.

Veer Savarkar started living in India House after taking admission in Gres Inn Law College, London. India House was the center of political activities at the time which Shyam Prasad Mukherjee was running. Savarkar created 'Free India Society' with which he inspired his fellow Indian students to fight for freedom. Savarkar read books based on the Revolution of 1857 and wrote a book called "The History of the War of Indian Independence". He studied deeply about the revolution of 1857, how the British could be uprooted.

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Savarkar's book was banned in the British Empire but Madam Cama, an Indian revolutionary woman, published the book in the Netherlands, France and Germany. From there this book reached many Indians and this book was very popular.

Savarkar taught his friends the art of making bombs and making war with the guerrilla method. In 1909, Savarkar's friend and follower Madanlal Dhingra killed the British officer Curzon in a public meeting. This work of Dhingra gave rise to revolutionary activities in India and Britain. Savarkar gave political and legal support to Dhingra, but later the British government conducted a secret and restricted trial and sentenced Dhingra to death, which provoked Indian students living in London. Savarkar called Dhingra a patriot and sparked a revolutionary uprising. Seeing the activities of Savarkar, the British Government got involved in the crime of planning the murder and sending the pistol to India, after which Savarkar was arrested. Now Savarkar was thought to be taken to India for further prosecution. When Savarkar came to know about the news of going to India, Savarkar wrote to his friend in a plan letter to flee the ship to France. The ship halted and Savarkar escaped out of the window, swimming in the sea water, but was arrested again due to the friend being late. The French government opposed the British government with the arrest of Savarkar. This case went on for a long time due to controversies and in 1911 it resulted.

He was sent to the infamous Cellular Jail in Andaman and Nicobar on 8 April 1911 under the Nashik Conspiracy Case for the murder of Nashik District Collector Jackson. According to him, freedom fighters had to work hard here. Prisoners here had to peel coconut and extract oil from it. Also, he had to be mustard and coconut oil extracted here like a bull in a crusher. Apart from this, they also had to clean the forests adjacent to the prison and level the marshy land and hilly area. When stopped, they were also punished with severe punishment and cane and whip. Even then, they were not given enough food. Savarkar remained in the prison of Port Blair from July 9, 1911 to May 21, 1921.

In 1920, at the behest of Vallabhbhai Patel and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he was released on condition of not breaking British law and not revolting. On 2 May 1921, Savarkar was taken to Ratnagiri Jail and from there to Yerwada Jail. Savarkar wrote the book 'Hindutva' in Ratnagiri Jail. He was freed on 6 January 1924 under the condition that he would not leave Ratnagiri district and stay away from political activities for the next five years.

In 1936, he was elected the president of the 19th session of the All India Hindu Mahasabha at Karnavati (Ahmedabad), after which he was again elected president for seven years. On 13 December 1936, at a public meeting in Nagpur, he had inspired to thwart the ongoing efforts for a separate Pakistan. On 22 June 1961, he met Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Gandhi and Savarkar had a very different view of the means of achieving freedom. On 19 April 1985, he presided over the All India Rajwada Hindu Sabha Conference. In 1937, he was elected the President of the Hindu Mahasabha, after which the Hindu Mahasabha was declared a political party in 1938. In 1919, he opposed the partition of India.

It was alleged that Savarkar was an accomplice in Gandhi's murder which could not be proved. There is also a truth that the introduction of Mahatma Gandhi and Savarkar-brothers was very old. Gandhi was also among those influenced by Savarkar-brothers' personality in many aspects and called him 'Veer'.

Veer Savarkar died on 26 February 1966 at the age of 83.

Veer Savarkar was the biggest Hinduist of the 20th century. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was very fond of the word Hindu since childhood. Veer Savarkar worked for Hindu, Hindi and Hindustan all his life. Veer Savarkar was elected the national president of the All India Hindu Mahasabha six times. A great credit for developing the political ideology of the Hindu nation goes to Savarkar. Because of this ideology, post-independence governments did not give them the importance they were rightfully entitled to.

Some facts about Veer Savarkar's
  1. Veer Savarkar was the first person from India to organize a revolutionary movement against him at the center of the British Empire, London.
  2. It was Savarkar who created the first Indian flag, which was hoisted by Madame Cama at the 1907 International Socialist Congress in Germany.
  3. He was the first person from India who wrote a history of about one thousand pages in 1907, describing the battle of 1857 as 'India's first freedom struggle'.
  4. He was the first author of India and the only author in the world whose books were banned by the British Empire governments even before it was published.
  5. He was the world's first political prisoner whose case was filed in the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
  6. Savarkar was a bitter critic of Mahatma Gandhi. He described Gandhi's support of violence against Germany during World War II as 'hypocrisy'.
  7. He was the first revolutionary who was falsely prosecuted by the government of independent India and later apologized to him for his innocence.
  8. Veer Savarkar recognized all the problems related to India's national security long ago. About ten years before China invaded India in 1962, it was said that China is about to attack India. 
  9. After India became independent, Savarkar was the first to raise the voice of Goa's liberation.

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