A great freedom fighter who organized forces on foreign soil - Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the great heroes of the country who gave up his everything for the freedom struggle. He first established the Indian Armed Forces, named Azad Hind Fauj. He had diven freedom slogan 'You give me blood, I will give you freedom'.
Subhash Chandra Bose - established azad hind fauz of India
Subhash Chandra Bose
(Wikipedia Commons)

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in a Hindu Kayastha family in Cuttack, Odisha. His father's name was Jankinath Bose and mother's name was Prabhavati. His father was a famous lawyer of Cuttack.


Studied from Calcutta University. In 1919, he passed his BA examination from first class, he was second in the university. In 1920, he passed the Civil Service Examination in England. He got the fourth position in the 1920 ICS examination but Subhash Chandra Bose did not want to work under the British, although he resigned a few days later on 23 April 1921 in view of the Indian independence struggle.


In 1938, when Gandhi had chosen Subhash Chandra Bose for the post of Congress President, he did not like Subhash's methodology. Subhash Chandra Bose had believed India's freedom struggle should be intensified. He had also started taking steps towards this in his presidential tenure but Gandhiji did not agree to this.

We all know Iron Man Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel but we would know less than his elder brother Vitthalbhai Patel. The two brothers had differences in later periods. Vitthalbhai died in Austria. Before that he made his will there and gave three-fourths of his wealth to Subhash Chandra Bose.

In 1939, when the time came to elect a new Congress President, Subhash wanted that someone who would not be bowed down under any pressure in this matter be made the president. since no one is volunteering so, subhash decided to be Congrees President. But Gandhi wanted to remove him from the post of president. Mahatama Gandhi chose Pattabhi Sitaramaiya for the post of president. Kavir Rabindranath Thakur wrote a letter to Gandhi requesting that Subhash Chandra Bose be made the president. Scientists like Prafulla Chandra Rai and Meghnad Saha also wanted to see Subhash as the president again. But Mahatama Gandhi did not listen to anyone in this matter. Years later, on finding a deal in Congress was elected to the presidency.

Everyone believed that when Mahatma Gandhi supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya, then he would win the election easily. But in fact, Subhash got 1580 votes and Sitaramayya got 1377 votes in the election. Subhash Babu won the election by 203 votes despite Gandhiji's opposition. But with the result of the election, the matter did not end. Mahatama Gandhiji, describing Pattabhi Sitaramayya's defeat as his defeat, told his colleagues that if they do not agree with Subhash's methods, they can withdraw from the Congress. After this, 12 of the 14 members of the Congress Executive resigned. Jawaharlal Nehru remained neutral and was alone with Sharad Babu Subhash.

The annual Congress session of 1939 took place in Tripuri. At the time of this session, Subhash Chandra Bose became so ill with high fever that he had to lie down on the stretcher and bring it to the convention. Gandhiji himself was not present in this session and his colleagues also did not give any support to Subhash. After the session, Netaji tried hard for a settlement, but Gandhiji and his colleagues did not accept him. The situation became such that Subhash Chandra Bose could not do anything. Finally fed up, on 29 April 1939, Subhash resigned as Congress President.

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre distracted him so much that he plunged into India's freedom struggle. Subhash was imprisoned a total of 11 times in his public life. He was to appear in a court in Calcutta in connection with a trial in 1941, in 1941, he was placed under house arrest in a house from where he escaped and reached Germany. In Germany, he met Hitler. He formed the Azad Hind Fauj to wage war against the British and also gave the slogan of 'You give me blood, I will give you freedom'. He believed that freedom could not be achieved through non-violence.

On 21 October 1943, Subhash Bose, as the supreme commander of the Azad Hind Fauj, formed a temporary government of independent India, which was recognized by Germany, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, China, Italy, Manchuko and Ireland. Japan gave Andaman and Nicobar islands to this temporary government. Subhash went to those islands and renamed them in 1943 when Netaji was in Berlin, he established Azad Hind Radio and Free India Center there.

In 1944, the Azad Hind Fauj attacked the British again and also liberated some Indian territories from the British. The Battle of Kohima was a fierce battle fought from 4 April 1944 to 22 June 1944. In this war, the Japanese army had to retreat, and that proved a turning point. During the Second World War, he traveled to countries such as the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, Japan, and sought cooperation against the British government. He then established the Azad Hind Fauj in Japan.

All the references changed after the demolition of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After surrender, Japan kept groaning under America's feet for four-five years. This was the reason that the thrilling history of Netaji and Azad Hind Sena kept gathering dust in the archives of Tokyo for years.

On 18 August 1945, he was going to Manchuria by airplane. During this journey, the plane crashed at Taihoku Airport, in which he died. His death remains the biggest mystery in the history of India. The story of Netaji's death is still unresolved, and even the Indian government does not want to say anything about his death.

Netaji's attempt to liberate India from the clutches of the British through Azad Hind Fauj could not directly succeed, but it had far-reaching consequences. The Naval Rebellion of 1919 is an example of this. It was only after the naval revolt that Britain was convinced that the Indian Army could no longer govern India and they had no other option but to free India.

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