When India's Prime Minister was selected in an undemocratic manner - Pandit Nehru

The birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, is celebrated as Children's Day. Being from Pandit sect he was also called Pandit Nehru. Whereas, because of his attachment to children, children knew him by the name of "Chacha Nehru". Jawaharlal Nehru was the main focal point of Indian politics before and after India's independence. He was the main leader of the Indian independence campaign as an assistant to Mahatma Gandhi who fought to make India independent till the end and served the country till his death in 1964 even after independence.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - first prime minister of India 1947
Pandit Nehru (wikipedia)

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad, British India. His father, Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), a wealthy barrister from the Kashmiri Pandit community, was twice elected president of the Indian National Congress during the freedom struggle. His mother Swarooprani Thusu (1868–1938), who belonged to a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahore, was Motilal's second wife and the first wife died during childbirth. Jawaharlal was the eldest of three children, with the remaining two being girls.

At the age of fifteen, he moved to England and after two years at Harrow he joined the University of Cambridge from where he obtained a bachelor's degree in natural sciences. After returning to India in 1912, he became directly involved with politics. He did his schooling from Harrow and college from Trinity College, London. He then completed his law degree from Cambridge University. He spent seven years in England developing a rational approach to Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.

In 1916, Nehru met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time with whom he was greatly inspired. He organized the first peasant march in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh in 1920. He also had to go to jail twice in connection with the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920-22.

In 1928, he was charged with lathi while leading a procession against the Simon Commission in Lucknow. He attended the all-party conference on 29 August 1928 and was one of those who signed the Nehru Report on Indian constitutional reform. The report was named after his father, Mr. Motilal Nehru. In the same year he founded the Indian Independence League and became its General Secretary. The original objective of this league was to completely separate India from the British Empire.

From 1926 to 1928, Jawahar Lal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. The annual session of the Congress was organized under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru in 1928-29. In that session Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for complete political independence, while Motilal Nehru and other leaders wanted a dominion state within the British Empire. To resolve this issue, Gandhi took a middle ground and said that Britain would be given two years to grant the status of India's state. If this does not happen, the Congress will launch a national movement for complete political independence. Nehru and Bose demanded that this time be reduced to one year. The British government did not respond to this.

In 1929, Pandit Nehru was elected the President of the Lahore Session of the Indian National Conference, whose main goal was to achieve complete independence for the country. He had to go to jail several times during 1930-35 due to Salt Satyagraha and other Congress movements.

Pandit Nehru protested against forcing India to take part in the war, conducting a personal satyagraha, which led to his arrest on 31 October 1940. He was released from prison in December 1941 along with other leaders. In the All India Congress Committee meeting held in Mumbai on 7 August 1942, Pandit Nehru set the goal of implementing the historic resolution 'Quit India'. On 8 August 1942, he was arrested along with other leaders and taken to Ahmednagar Fort. This was the last time he had to go to jail and this time he had to spend the longest time in jail. He went to jail nine times in his entire life.

There was also an occasion in the history of the country when Mahatma Gandhi had to choose between Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru for the post of the first Prime Minister of independent India. 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Acharya Kripalani got the most votes when Congress voted for the future Prime Minister when India got independence in 1947. But at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi, both of them withdrew their names and Jawaharlal Nehru was made the Prime Minister. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India in 1947. It is the time when India's Prime Minister was selected in an undemocratic manner.

Nehru's humble national outlook was overshadowed by the iron man's strict and rebellious attitude, and he was not only elected to this position, but also had the distinction of holding the reins of the world's largest democracy for the longest time.

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