Jhansi ki Rani Lakshmibai - A Leader of 1857 Revolt

Manikarnika Tambe, Rani Lakshmibai or the queen of Jhansi, is remembered for her leading role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

lakshmibai - jhansi ki rani - a leader of 1857 revolution of India
A Portrait Photo of Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Laxmibai was born in 19th November 1828 and she was the martyr of the 1857 state revolution. Her full name was Manikarnika Tambe. Mahrani laxmibai's father name was Moropant Tambe and her mother's name was Bhagirathi Bai. Lakshmibai was known as Manubai in her childhood. In his childhood, Manu took up the education of scriptures as well as weapons.

Gangadhar Rao Newalkar was declared the king of Jhansi in 1838. In 1842, King Gangadhar Rao was married to Manubai (laxmibai), but the marriage was not consummated until Lakshmi was 14 year old, in 1849. Lakshmi Bai name was derived after marriage. Laxmibai gave birth to her son in 1851 who died within four months.

In 1853, when King Gangadhar Rao's health deteriorated drastically, he was advised to adopt an adopted son. The adopted son was named Damodar Rao. King Gangadhar Rao died on 21 November 1853.

On 27 February 1854, Lord Dalhousie rejected the adoption of adopted son Damodar Rao under the policy of adoption (Doctrine of Lapse) and announced the merger of Jhansi into the English state. Rani Laxmibai had to leave her palace of Jhansi. He took refuge in 'Rani Mahal', simple mansion. 
When on receiving the information from the Political Agent, the sentence erupted from Rani's mouth, 'I will not give my Jhansi'. 

Doctrine of Lapse (policy): The doctrine of lapse policy was only to increase the British Empire and seize power of a state. When a king was childless, his kingdom would become part of the British Empire. There was a lot of dissatisfaction among the Indian king due to the State usurpation policy. This policy played an important role in giving rise to Indian resistance against British rule in 1857.

In January 1858, the British army started marching towards Jhansi and surrounded the city in the month of March. After two weeks of fighting, the British army captured the jhansi. In this war, Jhansi ki Rani Lakshmibai managed to escape with Damodar Rao and then she met Tatya Tope.

The forces of Rani and Tatya Tope captured a fort in Gwalior with the help of rebel soldiers of Gwalior. Rani Laxmibai died on 18 June 1858 while fighting the British army at the inn of Kota near Gwalior. After the war, in report British General Hugh Rose remarked that Queen Laxmibai was remarkable for her beauty, ingenuity and tenacity, but also the most dangerous of the rebel leaders.

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