Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj - A great Maratha king of India

Shivaji bhonsle was a true patriot and he is considered the most powerful warrior in Indian history. Shivaji was the founder of the Maratha Empire. Veer Shivaji was a living symbol and symbol of nationalism. Shivaji was not only a courageous and brave warrior but also a great human being and he had unwavering faith in Hinduism.

Shivaji - most powerful warrior in Indian history
Photo Source: wikipedia

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19th February 1627 in a Maratha family in the fort of Shivneri (Maharashtra). Shivaji's father name was Shahaji and mother name was Jijabai. 

His mother Jijabai was a very gentle and learned woman. His mother was also given proper education in religion, culture and politics. Jijabai used to narrate stories of valor to Shivaji since childhood. From childhood, Shivaji used to listen to stories of Ramayana, ahabharata and other valor. Under the patronage of Dada Konadev, he was also proficient in all types of contemporary warfare.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was married to Saibai Nimbalkar on 14 May 1640 in Lal Mahal, Pune, Maharashtra.

In 1627 CE, the Mughal Empire came to dominate the whole of India. To the north was Shah Jahan, Sultan Adil Shah in Bijapur.

Chhatrapati Shivaji was a Mahayodha from his youth. He forced the fort to be handed over to Inayat Khan, the Bijapuri commander of Toran Fort at the age of only 19 years in 1645 and hoisted the flag of victory.

Maharana Pratap, the heroic son of the country. His sporadic or guerilla-like method of warfare was adopted by great warriors like Shivaji Maharaj many years later.

His father was imprisoned by the Sultan of Bijapur to weaken Shivaji. He raided his policy and courage, and soon liberated his father from this prison. Then the ruler of Bijapur ordered Shivaji commander Afzal Khan created a false drama of brotherhood and reconciliation and wanted to kill Shivaji in his arms, but he himself was killed due to the cloak hidden in the hands of sensible Shivaji.

In defense of the fort of Purandar, Shivaji lost his most trusted and gallant commander, Murarji Baji. Unable to save the fort, Shivaji made a treaty of Purandar with King Jai Singh. After this, on 22 June 1665, the treaty of Purandar was signed between the two kings. Conditions of Purandar act - Offering 23 forts to the Mughals and only the 12 forts with a normal income were to be kept to Shivaji.

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was also troubled by Shivaji. He fraudulently imprisoned Shivaji in Agra to crush his power. But Shivaji cleverly escaped from the prison. Shivaji escaped hiding on August 13, 1666 in a fruit basket.

In 1974 Shivaji Maharaj violated the Purandar Treaty and took possession of all those territories. From 1666 to1669, Shivaji had won most of his 23 forts, which the Mughals had met at the time of the Purandar treaty.

In the year 1674, Shivaji was crowned at Raigad, where he was given the title of 'Chhatrapati'. In this ceremony, the establishment of Hindu Swaraj was announced. It was the first Hindu kingdom in the south after the fall of Vijayanagar. Like an independent ruler, he introduced a coin named after him.

Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb tried to occupy the Shabhi forts and territories under Shivaji but he could not achieve much success due to the qualities of Chatun leadership and guerrilla tactics by Shivaji.

Shivaji known as the Father of Indian Navy, Chhatrapati Shivaji established a monopoly on the Arabian Sea due to his strong naval force in the western part of India.

After this, Shivaji succumbed to illness in which he died in 1680 and his son Sambhaji took over the empire.

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